Bed Bugs

The Nashua DPHCS Environmental Health Team offers Nashua residents guidance on how to deal with bedbugs. If you have a concern about bedbugs, please take the time to educate yourself before you make any decision about furniture disposal or pesticide usage.

Bed Bug Basics

  • Bed bugs are small wingless insects that do not fly
  • They depend upon blood from animal hosts as their sole source of food (Feed ~every 5 to 10 days) 
  • They are flat, oval shaped, and a mahogany color as an adult 
  • They can wedge themselves into any crack or crevice 
  • They are most often nocturnal, but will come out in the day if an area is dark and they sense food is near 
  • Most people are not awakened by bed bugs while being bitten
  • Not everyone will show signs of being bitten
  • Adults have been shown to live over a year with no blood meal 
  • They can survive sustained heat and cold if given time to adjust 
  • Not considered a filth pest
  • No “grooming behavior” meaning ingestible insecticides do not work 
  • Females typically lay about 5 to 7 eggs a week/500 eggs in lifetime 
  • While some pathogens have been found in the gut of bed bugs, they have not been shown to transmit diseases to humans